MSA Stage 5 School of Architecture

Robert Forsyth



Architecture is an expression of our socio-political and economic systems at a moment in time. The way in which circular economic models and green political movements will alter both our civic and residential architecture is a subject I hope to explore in further practice.





As we enter the Anthropocene, what will the impact of the Climate Crisis have on our political economy and our architecture?

During COP26, people from around the world marched through Glasgow’s George Square, past the statue of James Watt – a key architect of the fossil fuel age –  and called for Climate Justice.

This thesis explores what we mean by Climate Justice. ‘Justice’ as a human construct exists in three acts; first there is a crime, second there is a balance of justice, third there is a redress. Act I has happened with our systematic destruction of the natural world in pursuit of profit and Act III will come as our urban structures break down in the face of the changing climate. This thesis is Act II – the balance of justice.

Justice is a shared social construct which is collectively recognised in the space of the law court – a heterotopia emerging from the typologies of temple, theatre and parliament. We must recognise that the fundamental reason for our exploitation of the natural world is profit and our current political economy, therefore any attempt to achieve a glimpse of environmental justice requires a proactive alteration of the political economy rather than a punitive approach. Courts have long supported the political economy of the time, just as the Palais de Justice in Brussels enforced the political economy of Congolese slavery, so an altered political economy for the Climate Crisis requires a repurposed court architecture.

This thesis is an Environmental Court of Reparation (Act II) as an emergent heterotopia from the repurposed post-industrial ruins of Govan Graving Docks (Act I), which will itself submerge as sea levels rise (Act III). The architectural technology is expressed through the non-industrialised materials of earth and recycled plastic to minimise carbon emissions whilst shifting the profits away from a linear economy towards a circular economy. The history of Glasgow and the Govan Graving Docks has been historically founded on climate damage, this thesis hopes to reconnect the people and community of Govan with the river Clyde towards an alternate green future.

This is a momentarily finite architectural expression of climate justice as a challenge to the human systems of politics and economics which have led us to Climate Crisis.

Ruined Pumphouse

Spatial Justice Development

Court Plan as arising from Temple, Theatre and Parliament Typologies

Made of Glasgow

The sourcing of non-industrialised materials of recycled synthetic plastic and organic earth alongside fabrication. The conceptual inspiration was the 7000 Trees project by Joseph Beuys and his narrative on the transience of materials and people

Site Axonometric




Ground Floor Plan

court section

2100: What did we acheive?